60) The earmark
process, which serves discrete interests and is dominated by long-serving appropriators and specialized staffs, is a perfect target for the distrust they describe.
Two telling examples of small earmarks
that brought funds directly to populations that needed them most--populations that lack "connections" or "clout," but are deeply deserving of support--were announced in July 2010, shortly before the informal moratorium on earmarks
Members of the congressional appropriations committees have an advantage over their colleagues in their access to earmarks
Now we find out Kirkpatrick accepted campaign donations from lobbyists on the very same day she requested earmarks
for their pet projects.
said the earmark
process occasionally lets a "good project" through.
But most of the time, controversial earmarks
do not come to the public's attention.
Waiters noted that in education, earmarks
often go to large public universities and private colleges with their own cadre of lobbyists.
The department stated it could not verify the conclusion that most earmarks
fit its mission, saying "the diversity of the earmark
Although some R & D agencies, notably the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation, have stayed free of earmarks
, other agencies are finding that they are becoming exceedingly prevalent.
That new level includes using earmarks
to "convince" members to change their votes on key measures and to dole out favors to lobbyists in a way that is virtually untraceable.
The average earmark
amount for law enforcement agencies is between $300,000 and $750,000.
At one time, most earmarks
set aside funds for buildings.
Trick: Congress's ongoing earmark
"moratorium" proved less effective than was hoped.
John Cornyn in calling for a ban on all Congressional earmark
Removing the power to earmark
funds from Congress would push all decisions about spending money into the deepest, darkest recesses of the bureaucracy and into the hands of bureaucrats who cannot be held accountable through democratic means.