To have one's family name come to an end due to having only daughters at the end of the genealogical line. (A reference to the tradition of a woman taking her husband's surname after marriage.) Their family was hugely influential in the 1800s, but they daughtered out at the turn of the 20th century and their name vanished from the history books after that.
Farlex Dictionary of Idioms. © 2015 Farlex, Inc, all rights reserved.