The effects of stress and smoking related cues on craving to
smoke among abstinent and non-abstinent cigarette smokers.
This scale consists of eight items (irritability, angry or frustrated; anxiety or tension; difficulty concentrating; restlessness or impatience; increased appetite, hungry or weight gain; depressed mood or sad; insomnia, sleep problems or awakening at night; and, desire or craving to
smoke) measured with a Likert scale ranging from 0 (no symptoms) to 4 (severe symptoms).
The effects of emotion on craving To
explore the effects of sensitivity to reward on emotion and craving, a correlation analysis was carried out.
Washington, May 18 (ANI): All of us must have felt that uncontrollable craving to
have chocolates, potato chips, or any other specific food item.
However, despite the apparent importance of craving to our understanding of addiction, no consensus regarding definition, measurement, and interpretation has been reached (Grusser et al.
We have commenced our attempt to elucidate the concept of craving by linking craving to the phenomenology of one's conscious experience.
The result is another sugar craving to
give us a lift,' explains diabetes expert Professor Charles Clark.
The methods used in alcoholism treatment research have become increasingly sophisticated; as a result, the relationship of concepts such as craving to
clinical outcome now can be reliably evaluated (Roberts et al.
For instance, recovered alcoholic and major league baseball pitcher Bob Welch has reported experiencing a craving to
drink during airplane flights, after a game of golf and after pitching.
Occasionally, videotapes have been used in studies of alcohol craving to
induce desired moods.
When developing or employing craving-assessment instruments, researchers and clinicians must consider numerous factors, such as the specific characteristics of craving to
be evaluated, the instrument's psychometric properties, and the timeframe over which craving is assessed.