Correlations of all study variables were significant, with the exception that self-esteem was not significantly related to negative coping style.
Therefore, we explored the mediating effects of positive coping in the relationship between self-esteem and loneliness.
4 The GlucoCoper is a 6- item instrument which analyses 6 coping styles (2 negative, 4 positive).
Minimize discomfort associated with change###Optimize coping skills###Strengthen self-care skills###Other support
KEY WORDS: Hassles, Uplifts, Ways of coping, general anxiety, Pregnancy Specific-stress.
9 Coping efforts may influence birth outcomes by reducing or preventing negative emotional, behavioral, cognitive and physiological responses to stressors.
Although coping responses are virtually infinite (Skinner, Edge, Altman, & Sherwood, 2003), researchers have tried to organize the variety of coping strategies in different taxonomies, such as hierarchical models with higher order categories that allow organizing the different specific coping strategies in more manageable dimensions or styles.
A recent meta-analysis of coping measures (Kato, 2015) showed that some of the strategies included in the reviewed scales have good predictive power for positive and negative outcomes.
Chakrabarti and Gill (2002) examined coping and its correlates in caregivers of bipolar patients, in comparison with schizophrenia.
Rammohan, Rao and Subbakrishna (2002) examined the use of religious coping and its relation to psychological wellbeing in carers of relatives with schizophrenia.
Therefore, successful coping
and adjustment with disease symptoms and life style changes are required (Gordon et al.
in People Living with HIV/ AID, Depression, Anxiety, Stress
The second reason to study coping
is that a coping
intervention may be more useful than other types of psychological interventions for tinnitus because coping
interventions do not attempt to change individuals' views about the source of stress.
Scale: Religious coping
scale is used to assess religious beliefs and practice strategies within Islamic context (27).
Give the family a handout that outlines different coping
styles to get the discussion started.