Expert witnesses don't just help construe
claim terms but also provide scientific opinions concerning many issues during patent litigation, for example, whether an invention is obvious.
(51) The traditional rule, therefore, instructed judges to construe
claims in a vacuum.
The Court considers it unreasonable to construe
the term "Act of Congress" in the [MFA] as Congress' intent to permit state law to preempt implemented, non-self-executing treaty provisions, but not to preempt self-executing treaty provisions.
Further, the reported opinions cited above arguably would require the Service to construe
broadly the phrase, "[i]f the claim for credit or refund relates to an overpayment attributable to any taxes paid or accrued to any foreign country ..." in Sec.
Inside the organization, members interpret and infer the reputation of their organization and react to the external image they construe
of their organization.
No matter how extensively trial witnesses might discuss the term 'cam,' it is not the jury's role, but the Court's exclusive obligation, to construe
a patent's terms.
Courts routinely strive to fulfill the "reasonable expectations" of the contracting parties and may broadly construe
the insurance obligations unless the contract mandates a narrow scope of coverage.
In fact, this directive and a directive to liberally construe
the safe haven provisions both derive directly from the Congressional Report for Section 530.
The first three, all previously published, construe
the emergence of the modern, professional, discipline-based university as a response to the breakdown of earlier city-based ways of sustaining intellectual activity.
Given the early development of the genre of landscape painting in Holland, as well as the Netherlands' experience in engineering the national landscape, it is perhaps appropriate that many Dutch architects, including Ben van Berkel and Caroline Bos of UN Studio and Winy Maas of MVRDV, have found inspiration in the idea of landscape, using it to construe
digital models of new cities and regional plans out of data flows, and, on a smaller scale, new topological forms for the interior landscapes of houses.
While it has become usual to construe
literacy broadly and consider evidence of book ownership and patronage in discussions of women and literacy, Rebecca Krug's analysis of women's literate practices opens up new understanding of ways family relationships shaped women's responses to the challenges of an increasingly text-based society in fifteenth-century England.
On February 5, 1998, Bar filed a petition in the surrogate's court to reform and construe
the 1993 will as requiring all trust income to be paid to Jo and to split the trust holding the test of the decedent's estate into three parts--a credit shelter trust, a reverse QTIP trust and a residuary trust.
the statutory scheme of the OSP as not running afoul of Article I, Section 3 would require a strained construction of the Florida Constitution that is not countenanced under the law."
The Koran teaches that all goods are ultimately owned by God and that man is their "vice regent," but Islamic scholars rarely construe
this as detrimental to private ownership.
Supreme Court voted 5-4 to construe
ERISA strictly, rejecting the argument that nonfiduciaries could be liable for compensatory damages for their knowing participation in a fiduciary breach.