The structure we propose for GT studies unambiguously reflects all stages of the research process (that is, defining the research questions, instrument development, data gathering, and data analysis) and the adherence to interpretive evaluation criteria (that is, credibility, dependability, confirmability
, and transferability).
Appellate judges score high on confirmability
. The process of appellate judging is the closest approximation to the Supreme Court's function.
, one of the doctorally prepared authors has 38 years of intensive care experience and has been an ACLS instructor for over 20 years.
In qualitative research, four quality indices help the reader evaluate the integrity of the findings (Hunt, 2011; Marshall & Rossman, 2006): credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
. Because the examination of responses to this open-ended survey statement involved coding and thematic grouping, the authors applied these criteria of soundness.
referred to the ongoing documentation of the research process including memoing, verbatim transcription of interviews, and field note documentation (Lincoln & Guba, 1985), and these components were included in the study.
Trustworthiness of the qualitative data was determined by analyzing the criteria of credibility, reliability, and confirmability
(Davies & Dodd, 2002; Frankel, 1999; Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
A variety of strategies is used to assess trustworthiness in qualitative research (see Creswell, 2007); we applied the four aspects of trustworthiness (Lincoln and Guba's, 1985), which are credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
Thus, publishing ethical research entails engaging in the responsible conduct of research, as well as ensuring conclusion validity in quantitative research and confirmability
in qualitative research.
In order to be confident that trustworthiness and rigour have been maintained, Lincoln and Guba's (1985) four criteria of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
have been met.
Trustworthiness of the study findings was enhanced by maximizing credibility, confirmability
, and transferability (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
To provide a more relevant perspective, they presented the concept of trustworthiness and its elements of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
as a more appropriate framework for evaluating qualitative research.
The issue of rigor was addressed by utilising the framework by Lincoln and Guba (1985), who proposed that researchers use the terms "credibility, transferability, dependability and confirmability
, as the naturalistic equivalents for internal validity, external validity, reliability and objectivity" (p.
Four indicators of rigor common to qualitative research were used throughout the study to establish trustworthiness: credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
(Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
In order to ensure the trustworthiness of the research, Guba's (De Vos, 1998) strategies of credibility, transferability, dependability and confirmability
Criteria for the trustworthiness of qualitative research are credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
(Lincoln & Guba, 1985).