In addition to a closed shop
or management recommendation, we find that a high relative employment share of the four-digit industry, taken to reflect product market power, is also required for there to be an effect.
certainly gave employees massive negotiating muscle.
'Along with the abolition of community health councils, we will end up with an NHS which is a closed shop
How long before the interchange of goods between firms is dependent on both being closed shops
? It is not such a big step from that to party membership being a condition of employment - and that's where we came in, in 1939.
The study by former Health Secretary Alan Milburn found that a "closed shop
" still exists in professions such as medicine, the law and civil service.
However, there is a widespread perception among many living within the South Wales Valleys that this year's choir is a closed shop
, formed from a hybrid of 10 choirs which Alun Guy admitted to on the stage during the Gymanfa Ganu.
But in all the major leagues abroad there is nothing like the same kind of closed shop
when it comes to qualification for the Champions League - and there is still room for good players to prosper and secure international caps while not playing for one of the big teams, an accusation levelled at England's Big Four as they hoover up the best domestic talent.
Phillips, who was 35p in front, made Closed Shop
his next best, but Botham had napped the same horse, so Phillips was willing the horse to lose, to prevent his rival pipping him on the line.
BBC comedy has become a closed shop
, run by smart-arse elitists and aimed largely at minority audiences.
Congratulations to Councillors Gwenllian Lansdown and Neil McEvoy for exposing the newly-formed Cardiff council advisory group for schools for its closed shop
Joint managing director Sudarghara Dusanj said: ``It looks like the IFBB never intended to give us membership and it is a closed shop
"It is a closed shop
. You can only become a comedian if you send in six tokens from The Guardian" - Chris Addison, of The Thick Of It fame, when asked why so many comedians were "drearily left-wing".
At least since the end of the 'closed shop
', union members know that part of their subs go to funding the Labour Party, unlike some workers who have no choice but that some of the profits they create for their employer go to the Tory party.
THE Carling Cup is becoming a 'closed shop
' claimed Scunthorpe boss Nigel Adkins after watching six of the eight quarter-final places go to top flight front runners.
Hopefully Hull's heroics will give Championship teams hope that the top-light need not be a closed shop