The G-20 MOA also memorializes other necessary considerations regarding the separate state and federal chains of command. It recognizes that the governor, through the adjutant general, commands the state NG and recognizes that the command and control of other NG forces flowing into the state, if applicable, "will be determined by prior coordination between those states." (32) This provision recognizes that NG forces may flow into one state (the receiving state) from another (the sending state) in support of the receiving state's designated mission.
(40) This is a critical example of why the DSC cannot "wear" two hats at a time and is likely the most important operational and legally intensive aspect of the mutually exclusive chains of command.
(41) Where conflict exists, the DSC should notify both chains of command at the earliest opportunity, and both chains of command and the DSC must be involved in resolving such conflicts.
In order to ensure the federal and state chains of command and their respective operations remain separate, past DSCs have utilized two deputy commanders: one NG officer in state status and the other a title 10, federal military officer.
This Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) outlines the separate chains of command and responsibilities of the dual-status commander for the Pittsburgh Summit of G-20 Leaders (hereinafter "the Summit"), which will be held September 24-25, 2009, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for the purpose of convening world leaders who represent 85 percent of the world's economy.
Mutually Exclusive Chains of Command. The dual-status commander will receive orders from a Federal chain of command and a State chain of command.
The dual-status commander will have enhanced situational awareness through this dual status, and both Federal and State chains of command will have a common operating picture.
If the dual-status commander perceives that orders provided by the Federal or State chain of command may violate Federal or State law or create a potential conflict of interest or mission conflict, the dual-status commander must immediately inform both chains of command of the perceived problem.
To avoid miscommunication, the Federal and State chains of command should share all documents/guidance concerning their respective missions at the earliest possible opportunity.