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Related to burnout: Maslach Burnout Inventory

burn out

1. verb To cease burning (as of something that is currently or was recently ablaze). Get the birthday girl in here before the candles on her cake burn out! At this point, the firefighters are just going to let the fire burn out.
2. verb To stop working properly, often through overheating. In this usage, a reflexive pronoun can be used between "burn" and "out." Unfortunately, I think the motor in your lawn mower has burned out. We have to repair the engine before it burns itself out.
3. verb To hollow out by fire, as of a building. The fire completely ravaged and burned out our beloved home.
4. verb To force someone to leave a place by setting it on fire. During their attack, the troops burned out everyone in the town.
5. verb To overwork or exhaust someone or oneself, especially to the point of no longer being able to maintain a particular level of performance or dedication.. In this usage, a reflexive pronoun is often used between "burn" and "out." If you keep staying up so late working on this report, you're going to burn yourself out. Don't burn out your interns by making them come in every day.
6. noun One who is apathetic and unmotivated, especially an employee. When used as a noun, the phrase is usually written as one word. We need to hire some hard workers and get rid of these burnouts who collect a paycheck for doing nothing.
7. noun, slang A regular drug user or addict who displays the adverse effects of drug use, especially cognitive impairment. When used as a noun, the phrase is usually written as one word. You can't dismiss these students just because they're burnouts—they clearly need help and guidance.
See also: burn, out

burn (itself) out

1. [for a flame or fire] to run out of fuel and go out. Finally, the fires burned themselves out. The fire finally burned out.
2. [for an electrical or mechanical part] to fail and cease working. The motor finally burned itself out. The light bulb burned out.
See also: burn, out

burn (oneself) out

Fig. to do something so long and so intensely that one gets sick and tired of doing it. I burned myself out as a competitive swimmer. I just cannot stand to practice anymore. Tom burned himself out in that boring job.
See also: burn, out

burn someone out

Fig. to wear someone out; to make someone ineffective through overuse. (See also use someone up.) Facing all these problems at once will burn Tom out. The continuous problems burned out the office staff in a few months.
See also: burn, out

burn something out

1. to burn away the inside of something, getting rid of excess deposits. The mechanic burned the carbon out of the manifold. He burned out all of the carbon deposits.
2. to wear out an electrical or electronic device through overuse. Turn it off. You're going to burn the motor out! He burned out the motor.
See also: burn, out

burn out

1. Stop functioning because something, such as fuel, has been used up. For example, There's nothing wrong with the lamp; the light bulb just burned out. [Late 1300s]
2. be burned out. Lose one's home, place of work, or school as the result of a fire. For example, Hundreds of tenants are burned out every year because of negligent landlords.
3. Also, burn oneself out. Make or become exhausted or disaffected, especially with one's work or schooling. For example, Many young lawyers burn themselves out after a few years of 70-hour weeks. This metaphoric term alludes to a fire going out for lack of new fuel. Robert Southey used it in an 1816 essay: "The spirit of Jacobinism was burnt out in France." [1970s]
See also: burn, out

burn out

1. To stop burning from lack of fuel: The candle burned out in a wisp of smoke. The bonfire burned out, and we threw sand on the embers.
2. To become inoperative as a result of excess heat or friction: This vacuum cleaner needs to be fixed—I think the motor burned out.
3. To destroy some structure completely by fire, so that only the frame is left. Used chiefly in the passive: City hall was burned out in the attack.
4. To be compelled or forced to leave some place due to fire. Used chiefly in the passive: The shopkeeper was burned out by arsonists.
5. To become exhausted, especially as a result of stress or excessive work: I'm so burned out with work—I could really use a vacation.
6. To make someone exhausted as a result of stress or excessive work: Your busy schedule will burn you out if you don't take a break soon. I burned myself out by studying too late into the night.
See also: burn, out


1. n. a person who is ruined by drugs. Two burnouts sat on the school steps and stared at their feet.
2. n. someone no longer effective on the job. We try to find some other employment for the burnouts.
References in periodicals archive ?
The effects of special education category and type of training on job burnout in special education teachers.
Burnout in teachers of retarded and nonretarded children.
The study also found a "rather direct" association between work-home conflict and burnout, unaffected by age, education, job demands, or children living at home.
Some have found that psychotherapists relied on social support from supervisors and colleagues to prevent burnout, and that lack of supervisor support heightened burnout (Maslach et al.
Naisberg-Fennig, Fennig, Keinan, and Elizur (1991) found that neither gender nor years of experience was associated with burnout among psychiatrists.
National data suggest burnout approaches 46% for all U.
In the 2012 study almost half of 7,000 physicians had at least one symptom of burnout, and the reaction was most commonly seen among those at the frontlines of care: family medicine, general internal medicine and emergency medicine.
According to Tait Shanafelt, MD, a hematologist and director of the Mayo Clinic Department of Medicine Program on Physician Well-being, the high prevalence of physician burnout suggests that its causes are systemic rather than specific to individual physicians' coping skills.
The phenomenon of job burnout happens in different jobs at various levels, and usually causes many side effects in the personnel, family, and organization.
2001) observe job burnout as a kind of psychological pressure caused by daily chronic stressors.
The high burnout group will, more often than the low burnout group, frequent:
Clients are also affected when their counselor is experiencing burnout since high rates of staff absenteeism and a lack in continuity of counselor care have been linked to clients prematurely withdrawing from treatment (McKay 2009; Schaefer et al.
One of the issues he is expected to discuss is the fact that many healthcare leaders have made past attempts to address burnout and get physicians aligned and engaged.
The analysis revealed that three engagement elements are vital to reducing or repairing workplace burnout among workers: receiving regular praise and recognition for good work, having the materials and equipment to deliver quality work, and feeling that their opinions count at work.
Among psychological interventions, existential therapies including Logotherapy are approaches addressing the concepts of burnout and hope.