Thus, for example, the American World War II blinded veterans' only initial reference point for thinking about their condition was the pathetic, dependent, helpless individual--the denizen of sheltered workshops or the street beggar--they believed blind people must inevitably be.
Some blinded veterans recall that doctors did little more than bluntly inform them of the finality of their condition, and ask them if they had any questions.
A third approach involves using peers as resources to help newly blinded
older persons learn the skills and self-confidence necessary for living independently.
As the child tired from a long day's play, fails to recognize his desire for sleep, cries for attention and gets it only to burst into tears a moment later when he discovers attentions is not so satisfying after all, as the adult newly blinded
may reach for one satisfaction after another only to find disappointment with all attainment (Holsopple, 1931, p.