Leduc's biographers have noted that black-marketeering played a crucial part in her wartime contentment.
As Paul Sanders notes: 'le marche noir accueillit les margoulins et profiteurs de guerre au meme titre que d'authentiques entrepreneurs.' (17) In sum, black-marketeering fell between a number of binary oppositions--collaboration/resistance, man/woman, self-serving crook/honest citizen, urban dweller/country dweller--by which individuals were defined during the Occupation.
Their arrival will affect rivalries, systems of pillage and black-marketeering
, as well as the bargains arranged by relief organizations in the field--particularly the International Committee of the Red Cross and Save the Children (U.K.).
From eve-teasing, murders, black-marketeering
to a host of other anti-social activities, they do it all.
and smuggling, the children of communism are taking revenge against the West, which so often has sacrificed Poland on its Great Powers altar.
Those regional leaders had unusually long tenures, and the political machines they created were oiled by corruption, bribery, widespread black-marketeering
and ethnic favoritism, particularly in personnel matters.
She also highlighted that successive failure of democratic set-ups in Pakistan has resulted in increased extremism and nuclear black-marketeering
, which is threatening for the entire world.