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A successful bend is one in which permanent deformation is achieved without obvious wood failure.
An ancillary objective of these experiments was to show that a measure of success in bending could be developed by calculating the amount of work required to produce the bend and comparing the results to the work to maximum load data for the species.
The work or energy required to bend a piece of wood or stored by the deformed specimen can be calculated by determining the area under the load-deflection curve (Bodig and Jayne 1982).
This bend system finds applications in dual or circular-polarized microwave systems where it is important to preserve the relative phase of all field components through the bend system.
Each individual bend is made using this type of transmission line.
Each bend creates a differential phase shift between the orthogonal polarized fields.
When you bend over to touch your toes, the filaments that make up your hamstrings and calf muscles slide past and away from each other.
Bend over to touch your palms to the floor, keeping your legs straight.
As the measurement is carried out on the outside of the angle on a straight section of material, the measurement is not affected by material thickness or bend radius.
By means of the Easy-form system a bend is made with a regulation of 0 deg angle correction.
A Wall Street analyst, Walter Piecyk, tried for himself to bend an iPhone 6 Plus at an AT&T store.
Dan Riccio, Apple's engineering lead, acknowledged, "The bottom line is that if you use enough force to bend an iPhone, or any phone, it's going to deform.