This is the most exciting and melancholy of epics, an ur-text
for modern fantasy fiction.
Rubinelli dismisses theories suggesting that Cicero's Topica transmitted the ideas found in a lost Academic, Peripatetic, or Stoic text--such theories generally lack the supporting or corroborating support of an Ur-text
. Addressing the question of the provenance of Cicero's list of topics, she concludes that "his list derives from a selection of strategies from B 23" (141).
One unspoken yet defining characteristic of Detweiler's book is that he and the IMDb fans know their films so well that they respond to them within a canonical contexture, an ur-text
woven out of highly meaningful film fragments.
Running parallel with the professor's obsession about an Ur-text
that will demonstrate the influence on the Karaites of the holy writings of the Hindus is the history of a series of fabulously successful children's books about the "Bear Boy," whose real-life model is James A'Bair, the rich and amoral adventurer who first rescues the Mitwisser family from penury, then seduces the older daughter.
(3) It has defied (and will defy) all attempts to reconstruct an ur-text
, because any scribe could obviously add to or change the wording of the verses according to his own oral tradition (cf.
The original Latin text is presented on the left-hand pages, in an ur-text
While Sarmiento's work has been long acknowledged as an ur-text
by the many practitioners of the Latin American dictator novel, they have generally, and quite understandably, failed to share his enthusiasm for the burgeoning political influence of their powerful neighbor to the north.
Burwell shows how Islands in the Stream is part of an ur-text
out of which it evolved, as well as The Garden of Eden, and also two novels that Hemingway saw published, Across the River and into the Trees (1950) and The Old Man and the Sea (1952).
That form, readers of Utopian Studies would immediately recognize, is taken directly from Zamyatin's We (written 1921-1922), an ur-text
for all subsequent Russian/Soviet/Russian critiques of statism and its discontents.
Thus, it is impossible to know how much of the unity Burwell finds in these texts--if any--is due to a common origin in an ur-text
, and how much is due simply to a common origin in the life and concerns of their author.
Frank Baum and the interpretation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as an ur-text
for the true meaning of America.
For Tibetan translations, according to Silk, one may hypothesize an ur-text
reaching back to the original translators.
Yet as the evidence marshaled above suggests, far from being a mishmash of unrelated sentences and passages, most Zhanguo texts are based to a large extent on an Ur-text
produced at an identifiable date.
Thus Richman herself, setting the tone, remarks in her introduction that she presents Valmiki's version "not as an Ur-text
but only as the story of Rama with which the majority of Western Ramayana scholars are most familiar.