A crucial role play the amount of water contained in the concrete, capable of being frozen, as well as the volume and distribution of air pores
. Assuring the proper freeze resistance involves the provision of maximal water-tightness, i.e., an impermeable structure free from water capable of being frozen, and producing an appropriate system of air pores
not able to be completely filled with water, which, at the same time, will contribute to an improvement in the thermal properties of the material.
"The soil has air pores
and volume space," said Falder.
Ryegrass seedling weights were significantly greater in non-poached compared with poached treatments, while the content of air pores
>60Bm in the top 40mm of soil was 10.8% in the non-poached and 2% in the poached treatment.
Inside these tiny homes, rhizobia draw nitrogen from air pores
in the soil and chemically convert it to a form that the plant can absorb.
The voids include gel pores, microcapillaries, macrocapillaries, and artificial air pores
The presence of air pores
in the honeycomb film can improve the roughness of the surface.
Both the porosity characteristics (Table 3) as well as fractures of concrete samples with asphalt show that in the case of the typical vibratory consolidation large air pores
are confined in the structure of concrete.
The higher W/S ratio makes the consistency of the slurry and foaming resistance lower, which led to a large number of air pores
left in the samples and the high porosity obtained.
(2006), the type of a superplasticizer is crucial on account of the size and proportions of air pores
participation, obtained as a result of its functioning, although the time of hardening of concrete does make a difference to further changes of these proportions (Fig.
Porous coal rock (Figure 1(a)) is characterized by a pore structure of air pores
and mold pores and similar structures (Figure 1(b)), which can provide space for free methane and adsorbed methane (Figure 1(c)) [16-18].
During the freezing-thawing action, cracks originated at the interface between the paste and aggregates and may go through the air pores
, leading to the coalescing of two (or more) separated air voids.
The parameter provides information on the pattern of arrangement of the various particulates as well as air pores
within a tablet.
When soils become saturated, gas diffusion and exchange between the soil and the atmosphere is hindered because the air pores
are filled with water.