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To provoke or encourage negative feelings or opinions about someone or something; to protest something. The protesters are agitating against the company's unfair working conditions.
To encourage and build support for a cause, especially by actively campaigning for it. The students have had great success agitating for more social events on campus, but the dean is still opposed to the idea.
agitate against someone or something
to stir up active dissatisfaction about someone or something. The students were agitating against the closing of the old cafeteria.
agitate for something
to stir up active support for something. The committee agitated for a change, but nothing was done.
To stir up public opposition to some cause or issue: The students in front of the administration building were agitating against the increase in tuition.
To stir up public support for some cause or issue: The union decided to agitate for better health insurance.