Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

afflict (one) with

1. To cause one to contract an ailment or disease. A person's name or pronoun can appear before "with." My classroom has been almost empty all week because one kid afflicted the others with chicken pox. When you have a child in preschool, you'll be afflicted with every illness.
2. To cause another person hardship or difficulty. When used in this sense, a noun or pronoun typically does not appear between "afflict" and "with." Once I finally recovered from my illness, I was afflicted with medical bills.
3. To force someone to spend time with an irritating person. A person's name or pronoun typically appears before "with." Please don't afflict me with your obnoxious brother this evening.
See also: afflict

afflict someone with someone

to burden someone with an annoying person. I was foolish enough to afflict myself with my young cousin for the weekend.
See also: afflict

afflict someone with something

1. Lit. to cause someone to suffer from a disease or disability. The virus has afflicted everyone in the valley.
2. Fig. to burden someone with trouble. We were afflicted with all the worry that comes with raising a teenager.
See also: afflict
References in classic literature ?
After suffering once through the "Excursion" I did not afflict myself with it again, but there were other poems of his which I read over and over, as I fancy it is the habit of every lover of poetry to do with the pieces he is fond of.
You have but to say the word and no further sorrows shall afflict you--even your baby shall be returned to you unharmed.
What but thy malice moved thee to misdeem Of righteous Job, then cruelly to afflict him With all inflictions?
Also deadly Night bare Nemesis (Indignation) to afflict mortal men, and after her, Deceit and Friendship and hateful Age and hard-hearted Strife.
only when I'm in a bad humour, or a particularly good one, and want to afflict for the pleasure of comforting; or when she looks flat and wants shaking up a bit.
he must cast behind him their admiration, and afflict them by faithfulness to his truth, and become a byword and a hissing.
We will not pretend to say that Heaven always apportions to a man's capability of endurance the anguish with which he afflicts him; for that, indeed, would not be true, since Heaven permits the existence of death, which is, sometimes, the only refuge open to those who are too closely pressed - too bitterly afflicted, as far as the body is concerned.
I think the job of the church is not just to comfort the afflicted but to afflict the comfortable" - Douglas Alexander, shadow foreign secretary, on the St Paul's protest.
Everybody says so" Nancy Dell'Olio's description of Strictly Come Dancing since she was voted off the show last week "I think the job of the church is not just to comfort the afflicted but to afflict the comfortable" Douglas Alexander, Shadow Foreign Secretary, on the St Paul's protest "The only reason I wasn't part of those riots burning streets was because I've been taught not to do that.
Refreshing Black people often, to subvert Peter Finley Dunne's famous words, comfort the comfortable and afflict the afflicted.
Yet, even in the desolation of misery, loneliness, violence and hunger that indiscriminately afflict children, adults, and the elderly, God does not allow darkness to prevail.
The journalistic imperative to "Comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable" is not an auspicious formula for Republicans in such debates.
The doctor's job is to protect the human body from disease, not whittle it down so there's less of it for disease to afflict.
Weir Mitchell was probably the best known) to afflict large numbers of people in white, bourgeois and elite society, especially artists, members of the leisure class, and "brain workers," and was thought to have gender-specific causes, consequences and remedies.
The purpose of preaching is to afflict the comfortable and comfort the afflicted, maybe.