Hypothesis 1: Event abstractness
will amplify differences in self-other risk perception, such that the differences will be smaller when people estimate the risk of a concrete, versus abstract, event.
An examination of the subsequent univariate tests for the dependent variables indicates that the instructional model has a significant effect on Originality, Abstractness
of Titles, and Elaboration and does not have a significant effect on Fluency or Resistance to (Premature) Closure.
interpretation of abstractness
applied to software, software patents are
and ambiguity of different norms and concepts enshrined in the provisions of the Rome Statute constitute a challenge to the whole legal process and lead to inconsistent decisions.
The five creative thinking abilities include: Fluency (the number of meaningful responses), Originality (the number of responses that are statistically infrequent); Elaboration (the ability to expand or embellish ideas, based on the number of additional details used in the development of the response beyond what was strictly necessary to express the basic idea); Abstractness
of Titles (the ability to assign a title that synthesizes the drawing and that goes beyond specifically labeling it); and Resistance to Premature Closure (the ability to keep the mind open long enough to let original ideas arise) (Torrance et al.
There may be no obvious functionality to something, and yet its abstractness
reveals a fundamental sense of the ever-changing, ever-moving and ever-wondrous natural world.
This quality of purposeful abstractness
makes everything sound and seem contrived.
The Court articulated a rule to determine whether an invention was invalid due to abstractness
under Section 101:
He turns to Gillian Rose's reading of Hegel to diagnose "the cause of the abstractness
of contemporary philosophy and social theory (and theology, by extension) as the unacknowledged influence of bourgeois property right, which surreptitiously determines our experience of the world" (2-3).
This is partly due to the abstractness
of structure and partly due to the fact that associative organization is given by the score.
Most of the presentations shared a kind of abstractness
, discussing animals in general or in principle or in imagination.
PAI also recommended caution in expanding the view of abstractness
and obviousness in the awarding of patents.
Note that the word 'bullying' and all its variations have been placed in quotes over the course of this article--the purpose is to highlight the abstractness
of the term and to provoke thought about its validity.
This model includes four linguistic categories along a dimension of abstractness
to concreteness, with descriptive-action verbs being the most concrete and adjectives being the most abstract.
The authors readily acknowledge that these abstractions have their limits, but it's that very abstractness
that makes them useful lodestars for navigating real-life conflicts, in which it's easy to get bogged down in the immediate circumstances and lose sight of larger trends that may be at work.