As with any GIGO
pitfall, however, the cause of the problem must first be identified before it can be fixed.
They waited for it to work miracles on its own, ignoring that old IT acronym "GIGO
," or "garbage in, garbage out."
As with all statistics, the 'GIGO
' principle applies and possibly many more people die of food poisoning than are diagnosed as doing so.
Integration is only as good as the quality of what is being integrated: according to the acronym of computer programmers, GIGO
("garbage in, garbage out").
But this kind of survey is particularly susceptible to the computer programmer's GIGO
effect: "garbage in, garbage out." In other words, if a survey's criteria are flawed, its results will be unreliable.
Computer programmers have long used GIGO
(Garbage In, Garbage Out) as a code for human input problems inherent in computing and GIGO
It is clear that they take great care feeding information into the system--the principle of GIGO
(garbage in, garbage out) is well recognised.
A meta-analysis can provide useful information, but it can also have substantial deficiencies, such as the well-known GIGO
problem of "garbage-in, garbage-out," a term I use here to underscore the inability of a broad statistical analysis to exceed the caliber of the studies it uses.
While it may be thought that Dr Aardvark is fortunate in lexicographic primacy, it is not so since employers must discount Dr Aardvark's primacy as possibly arising from chance rather than superior productivity, whereas a paper authored by Zigo and Aardvark presumably sends a deliberate message signalling the superior contribution of Dr gigo
.(2) Engers et al.
spells garbage in-garbage out, which is exactly what will happen to you and your credibility if care is not taken in software selection, data gathering, and data entering.
The old computing GIGO
rule (garbage in/garbage out) holds firm across the entire technology spectrum.
This is often the focal point of PPM skeptics who default to the Garbage In/Garbage Out (GIGO
Camera (color), Gigo
Lee; editor, Cheung Ka-fai; music, Charles Valade; production designer, Chris Wong; costume designer, Eddie Mok.