Paralleling this, fantasy and writing about fantasy served as enchantments of utmost importance to him beginning in childhood.
My impression is that the commoner reading (now reinforced by Peter Jackson's planting it in viewers' minds) is "Well, I'm back." This reading gives us reason to believe that, surrounded by the ordinary enchantments of family love, Sam will live happily ever after.
At the center of Tolkien's enchanted edifice in The Lord of the Rings is the idea that the enchantment out of which this edifice is built must fade.
But I am also adding to these readings of the content the idea that this content of loss is in constant tension with the enchanting form of The Lord of the Rings and Tolkien's other works: the loss undoes the enchantment, while at the same time the enchantment undoes the loss.
First, Holmes exemplifies the modern enchantment
Saler calls "animistic reason": observation and deduction re-inject mundane objects and situations with wondrous import, yet remain within the bounds of scientific rationality--a strategy central to twentieth-century sf (105).
(46) The demons were supposed to help find buried treasure, and when it was not uncovered, their response was, "the time of the enchantment was not completed." (47) All the treasure-hunters found were coal and ashes.
Diego complained that they had found no buried treasure, and the devils replied through Marquina that the time of enchantment was not yet completed (Menendez Pelayo, 4:375-76).
For an excellent analysis of the theme of enchantment as it appears over one hundred times in the Quijote, see Predmore, 61-78.
In fact, chapter three, "Truth's Enchantments," contains a catalogue of "guidelines to enchanted truth as given from the good anarchistic guidelines to the gift of truth," a catalogue that Ross repeats from one of his previous books.
But if Ross, with his strange enchantments, is right, or at least lovable, when he says that "enchanted truth belongs to hobgoblins and fairies witches and demons lesser and greater gods," and that enchantment "belongs to them because it belongs to all things, in their nooks and crannies, in their caesuras, the breaks and ruptures that compose their bodies, that interrupt their minds and spirits" (188), then Ross will nourish a sense of fantasy that believes in itself as fantasy.
Against any border guards, Ross says enchantment is uncontainable, while "disenchantments take place hegemonically and insidiously in the midst of what they cannot contain" (74).
He thus substitutes the entanglement of disenchantment with enchantment for Michel Foucault's vision of power: diffused, embodied in discourse, neither an agency nor a structure, but a pervasive regime of truth.
In an insightful study, Jason Crawford couples enchantment with disenchantment to argue their metaphoric roots 'have genealogies older than early modernity' (p.
In John Skelton's The Bowge of Courte, Crawford considers the attraction of allegorical enchantment as a form of self-defence.
Allegory and Enchantment is compelling and mainly well-researched.