The transactional model of stress and coping is the conceptual model for the WCQ questionnaire (Folkman & Lazarus, 1985).
Cronbach's alpha for the WCQ in this study was 0.98, with the following individual scales reliability: confrontive coping = 0.60, distancing = 0.77, self-controlling = 0.84, seeking social support = 0.85, accepting responsibility = 0.73, escape-avoidance = 0.79, planful problem-solving = 0.82, and positive reappraisal = 0.87.
Pearson product correlation was used to examine relationships between coping strategies and stress associated with HD.
Most often exemplified by masculinity and femininity, gender role orientation as a personality construct has derived research interests with regard to its influence on coping and support across disciplines (e.g., Burleson et al., 2009; High & Solomon, 2014).
However, the effect of gender role orientation on stress coping has only been approached from a general perspective without considering the contingency of such effects.
Table-I: Mean, standard deviation cronbach's alpha reliability, skewness, kurtosis and range of brief coping scale and self-report measure of emotional intelligence scale, (N = 100).
Table-III: Qualification level differences on scores of brief coping scale and self - report measure of emotional intelligence scaleamong caregivers of mentally ill patients (N = 100).
The survey assessed demographic information (e.g., gender, year in school, age, ethnic/racial background, etc.), appraised stress, and dispositional coping. A retrospective interval of a "few months" was used for students to rate their appraised stress and coping patterns.
The BCI is a Likert-type instrument with 14 subscales that assess several types of coping (e.g., active coping, seeking instrumental support, denial, venting of emotions, etc.).
Elite soccer players can potentially adopt a wide range of coping strategies to manage release/deselection.
Problem focused coping encompasses strategies that serve to minimize distress by removing or evading the stressor, as well as strategies to diminish the impact of the stressor if it cannot be avoided (Carver & Connor-Smith, 2010; Kaiseler et al., 2012).
Participants were 754 students enrolled at a mid-sized Midwestern university who responded to an e-mail inviting them to participate in a study on stress and coping, with the incentive of eligibility to win one of four gift cards.
Coping. The 28-item Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) was used to measure students' coping.
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, International students, Medicine, Coping styles.
Several studies identified common stressors among international students including language barriers, 6 cultural differences 7 and adjustment to a new educational system.8 Students employ different coping strategies as a natural response to deal with the stressors and survive the intense environment prevailing in medical colleges.