confusion

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Related to Confusions: puzzlement, lack of clarity

confusion worse confounded

Confusion made worse. Recess was already underway when the fire alarm rang, leading to confusion worse confounded. Trying to wrangle all those kids was certainly a chore!
See also: confusion, worse

smoke and mirrors

Trickery, deception, or misdirection. The candidate has been accused of using smoke and mirrors during the debate to undermine the credibility of his opponent. Before computer generated effects, filmmakers had to use a lot of smoke and mirrors to make fantastic, unbelievable things look realistic in their movies.
See also: and, mirror, smoke

throw into confusion

1. To confuse, confound, or bewilder one. In this usage, a noun or pronoun is used between "throw" and "into." The random outbursts from the audience threw me into confusion during my presentation. The sudden amorous attention from Jonathan threw Sally into confusion, as she had never really thought about him in that way before.
2. To cause some situation, system, process, etc., to fall into a state of disorder, uncertainty, or disarray. The company was thrown into confusion by the sudden resignations of several top-level officials. You're going to end up throwing the project into confusion if you keep changing the parameters like that. The huge cyber attack threw the entire country into confusion for several months.
See also: confusion, throw

smoke and mirrors

deception and confusion. (Said of statements or more complicated rhetoric used to mislead people rather than inform. Alludes to the way a magician uses optical illusion to create believability while performing a trick. Fixed order.) Most people know that the politician was just using smoke and mirrors to make things look better than they really were. Her report was little more than smoke and mirrors. No one will believe any of it.
See also: and, mirror, smoke

throw someone or something into confusion

to cause people or a process to become confused, aimless, or disorderly. She made her entrance early and threw eveyone onstage into confusion. The judge's surprise ruling threw the courtroom into confusion.
See also: confusion, throw

smoke and mirrors

Smoke and mirrors are words and actions that are intended to deceive or confuse people, especially by making something seem better than it really is. The president claims that his economic plan is free of the smoke and mirrors of previous presidential budget proposals. Thousands of shareholders learned too late that the company's image of success had been created with smoke and mirrors. Note: Magicians sometimes use smoke and mirrors when they are performing tricks, in order to confuse or deceive people.
See also: and, mirror, smoke

smoke and mirrors

the obscuring or embellishing of the truth of a situation with misleading or irrelevant information. chiefly North American
1998 Sunday Telegraph Ministers accused the Conservatives of a ‘smoke and mirrors’ con trick.
See also: and, mirror, smoke

smoke and ˈmirrors

used to describe ways of tricking people or of hiding the truth: He said the government had used smoke and mirrors to raise taxes.The commission has declared war on the smoke and mirrors of sales promotions.
See also: and, mirror, smoke

smoke and mirrors

n. a strategy of deception and cover up. Her entire report was nothing but smoke and mirrors. Who could believe any of it?
See also: and, mirror, smoke

smoke and mirrors

Something that deceives or distorts the truth: Your explanation is nothing but smoke and mirrors.
See also: and, mirror, smoke
References in periodicals archive ?
He is confused between vote and change and it adds further to his confusion and miseries.
This is called communal confusion. The nation has a right to ask as to why are we behind the developing world when we have rich natural resources and vast land for cultivation.
Let us all work together to get the nation out of this state of confusion.
If one requires to determine whether a conflict occurs in a PN with confusions, all possible sequential transition sequences generated by concurrent transitions in the PN have to be analyzed.
Some studies are devoted to the analysis of the confusions in PNs, where the phenomenon of confusions is extensively reported by many PN applications such as workflow nets (WF-nets) [2, 8, 9], occurrence nets [16, 17], safe nets [18-20], generalized (unsafe) nets [19], and generalized stochastic PNs (GSPNs) [21, 22].
However, confusions cannot be described by the existing branching semantics.
van der Aalst and Hee deal with the existence of confusions in WF-nets and show the defects of WF-nets with confusions [2, 8, 9].
(1) a sound and well-structured WF-net with cycles may cause confusions; this fact will be illustrated by giving an example in this paper;
It is shown that the behavior of confusions should not occur in a WF-system modeling a WFMS.
Third, in WF-net, only free choice is usually allowed due to the existence of confusions since the structures of confusions are nonfree choice.
WF-nets belong to a subclass of PNs and the occurrence of confusions in a WF-net is undesired.
(1) The formalization of confusions is presented by defining a special class of subnets.
(2) The impact of confusions on the properties of WFnets is discussed.
Section 3 formulates two classes of confusions and specifies their behavior by some examples.
By upholding the law withholding scholarships from theology students, the Supreme Court has done more than assuage civil libertarians; it has reinforced the confusion between religious study and practice and perpetuated the caricature of higher education as vocational training.