The BBG began increasing VOA broadcasting to the Middle East in 2002, and overhauled VOA broadcasting by creating within VOA the Middle East Radio Network (MERN), focusing on reaching larger, younger audiences on FM frequencies, as well as new VOA Arabic Internet and television programming.
federal government, the BBG operates a global broadcasting organization, including five separate broadcasters with varied missions and programming, agency and personnel administration, and operations and management of international communications technology and transmission, among other authorities.
The BBG oversees strategic direction and performance research for U.S.
Within the BBG's agency structure, the Board oversees the operations of the International Broadcasting Bureau, which is responsible for maintaining the broadcasting network and providing technical support for U.S.
The USIB Act ensures that such interests are represented at least in the strategic decision making of the BBG:
The BBG has responsibility for supervising, directing, and overseeing the operations of the International Broadcasting Bureau.
These editorials represent the only non-independent content on broadcasts under BBG supervision.
According to the BBG, "Radio and TV Marti and martinoticias.com encourage freedom and democracy in Cuba by using their programs to promote human rights and individual freedoms." (8)
There are two types of broadcasting entity under the supervision of the BBG. First, the "federal" entities are in fact part of the BBG as a federal agency: these are VOA and OCB (Radio and TV Marti).
The BBG also has funding and oversight authority over surrogate radio grantees: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) which also operates services targeting populations in the Middle East and Central and South Asia; and Radio Free Asia (RFA).
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty is a surrogate broadcaster that operates under a BBG grant.
As an independent non-profit corporation, MBN, like RFE/RL and RFA, operates under a grant agreement with the BBG. According to the BBG, MBN's mission is to provide news and information "to the people of the Middle East about the region, the world, and the United States," including U.S.
The BBG uses a number of different metrics to measure the performance of their broadcasters, including quantitative measurements of total audience size and broadcaster website visits.
The BBG also relies on "audience reach" as a primary measure of performance.
The BBG uses both audience and in-house expert respondents for this metric.