31) The final straw, not surprisingly, was the Athanasian
Principle in Williams's Use of Images.
The Fathers of the Church would hardly dispute a fundamental article of Christian belief which, with scriptural authority, is part of the Athanasian
The Council of Nicaea in 325, the Council of Constantinople in 381, the Athanasian
Creed in the sixth century, even Pope Paul VI's "Credo of the People of God," published as late as 1968, and multiple others all attempted at different times, in the face of different questions, to reformulate the fundamentals in ways that could be understood by people at that time.
12) Pelikan summarizes the importance of belief in the Trinity in the Middle Ages: "After affirming that `whoever wants to be saved, it is necessary above all that he hold the catholic faith,' the Athanasian
Creed had gone on to specify the two cardinal dogmas that formed the main content of that faith.
I think that even if the creeds from the so-called Apostles to the so-called Athanasian
were swept into oblivion; and even if the human race should arrive at the conclusion that, whether a bishop washes a cup or leaves it unwashed is not a matter of the least consequence, it will get on very well.
27; Bell, Jews and Christians in Egypt: the Jewish Troubles in Alexandria and the Athanasian
Controversy (London, 1924), 10-21.
Similarly, whereas he had rejected the Athanasian
Creed as a young man and had finally found an avenue for its acceptance in Maurice's liberal interpretation of negative doctrines like eternal punishment, in 1865 he seems closer to a position of casuistry or mental reservation than to one of a via media:
, "Surgical management for malignant tumors of the thumb," Hand, vol.
Despite his reverence for the BCP, Wesley was critical of some of its contents, and he stated his objections in a 1755 document: The Athanasian
Creed and its "damnatory clauses," sponsors' answers in Baptism, Confirmation, absolution in Visiting the Sick, thanksgiving in the Burial Office, clauses that differentiate between bishops and presbyters, and the following sentence in the ordination of priests: "Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted.
The volume is filled out by a good bibliography, an index of Athanasian
texts, a general index, and a two-page chronology of Athanasius's life.
Christ in me" communicates the principal metaphor of mystical theology-the Athanasian
claim that "God became man so that man might become God" (cf.
143) Significantly, the commentaries on the Pauline epistles are the only selections from the Athanasian
corpus that Zwingli annotates in the margins.
The greatest of these "war-songs of faith" according to Newman was the Athanasian
creed, which simply gloried in repeating, in a "sublime formulary," the mysterious nature of Jesus Christ--perfectus Deus, perfectus homo.
Her Ministers indeed, I do not regard as infallible personages, I have seen too much of them for that--but to the Establishment, with all her faults--the profane Athanasian
Creed excluded--I am sincerely attached" (Smith 1:581).