As the shifts leading from underground space to above-underground mode occur, several key questions facing African-derived creativity come to the fore.
As Bradley's underground narrative emerges in above-underground mode, oral, mobile, and communal epistemic routes emerge from the print.
Black underground cultural products, at least momentarily, will become commodities of mainstream culture.
Paradoxically neglecting the possibility of underground meaning which his dialogic theory of language illuminates, Bakhtin seemingly limits the applicability of his theory to African-American experience.
Bledsoe, Brockway, Brother Jack, Tod Clifton, and others present the narrator with various versions of the lesson that above- and underground lives are separate and incompatible.
The underground process of Ellisoh's hibernating narrator emerges as the oral/syndetic process of John's ancestral invocation emerges in print.
Through individual narrative quests, two of the most common and potentially debilitating modem, European cultural impositions are accented: first, the belief in the epistemological superiority of underground solitude; second, the flawed assumption that reflective subjectivity entails an immobile state of introspective concentration.
While in Invisible Man, the narrator's naivete leads him toward uncritical adoption of aboveground positions in the city, leading to revelatory explosions which push him underground, John Washington has managed to freeze one of Ellison's dialectical explosions and carve within it a professional place for himself as an invisible historian in the American academy.
Before Judith's arrival in the underground, John's hunting trip signals the beginnings of the process in which the distinctions of Jack's world give way to the fluid syndetic sensibilities of Moses's plura-dimensional psyche.
Losing track of the subtle, fragile, work done "alone" in the woods, John confronts Judith's defensive prying by asserting his commitment to the fundamental separation between his underground process and his aboveground life, symbolized by his relationship with her.