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Related to substance: Pure substance

in substance

1. Concerning or related to the essential elements; fundamentally or substantially. In substance, the proposed bill would reduce the amount of calories in meals served at school cafeterias, though the details of how this would be implemented aren't yet clear.
2. Actually; in reality. I was promoted to a managerial role in the restaurant, but in substance, I'm just a shift supervisor.
See also: substance

take the shadow for the substance

dated To accept something false, deceitful, shallow, or insubstantial in place of something true, meaningful, or valuable. (Said especially in religious lectures or sermons about shunning or being led away from faith or the dictates of the church.) In today's modern, materialistic world, it is all too easy to take the shadow for the substance.
See also: shadow, substance, take

controlled substance

A drug whose availability is limited by law. A: "I thought you could just find your medication on the shelf at the pharmacy." B: "Nah, I'm on a new one, and it's a controlled substance, so I have a prescription for it." I'm really glad I didn't follow in my brother's footsteps and become addicted to controlled substances.
See also: control, substance

form and substance

structure and meaningful content. The first act of the play was one screaming match after another. It lacked form and substance throughout. Jane's report was good. The teacher commented on the excellent form and substance of the paper.
See also: and, form, substance

sum and substance

a summary; the gist. Can you quickly tell me the sum and substance of your proposal? In trying to explain the sum and substance of the essay, Thomas failed to mention the middle name of the hero.
See also: and, substance, sum

in substance

1. In reality, essentially, as in The Archbishop of Salzburg was in substance a temporal authority as well. [Late 1300s]
2. In essence, basically, as in I don't remember all the details, but in substance this was the plan. [Late 1400s]
See also: substance

sum and substance

The essence or gist of something, as in The sum and substance of their platform is financial conservatism. This redundant expression-both sum and substance here mean "essence"-has probably survived owing to alliteration. Shakespeare used it in The Two Gentlemen of Verona (4:1): "My riches are these poor habiliments [clothes], Of which if you should here disfurnish me, You take the sum and substance that I have."
See also: and, substance, sum

a woman, man, person, etc. of ˈsubstance

(formal) a person who is important, powerful or rich: In those days, a station master was a man of substance in the community.
See also: of, substance
References in classic literature ?
Get along with thee for a smart fellow; and I will wager on thy head, as a man of pith and substance, with a brain and what they call a heart, and all else that a man should have, against any other thing on two legs.
The worthy magistrate who had been conversant with all degrees and qualities of mankind, could not but perceive every motion and gesture of the distinguished Feathertop came in its proper place; nothing had been left rude or native in him; a well-digested conventionalism had incorporated itself thoroughly with his substance and transformed him into a work of art.
According to Taiwan REACH, the scope applies to a chemical substance on its own, and in a mixture.
So far in 2013, more than one new substance has been reported every week.
The report provides insights into the substance abuse therapeutics market including market forecasts up to 2018.
Young recruits should receive training in recognizing stress, dealing with traumatic incidents, and understanding the negative effects of substance use and abuse.
Patterns of treatment for HIV infection and substance abuse among pregnant, low-income women with HIV infection or AIDS are likely to change during the months before and after childbirth.
During the waning days of summer, the Institute's committees focused on Canada's pre-budget deliberations, challenged the proposed codification of the economic substance doctrine at the federal and state levels, recommended a narrowing of the filters in the corporate tax shelter disclosure regulations, and offered comments on a variety of several tax initiatives in the Old Dominion state.
Adolescents with substance use problems (but not the more severe disorder) are still at greater risk for experiencing psychiatric symptoms than are those who are not substance users, said Dr.
5 million Americans are affected by substance abuse, which includes the use of alcohol and other drugs, including prescribed medications.
Other concepts that evolved from Gregory, in addition to the business purpose test, include continuity of business, the taxpayer's right to minimize tax liability, substance over form and the step transaction doctrine.
Teen Tipplers: America's Underage Drinking Epidemic, released by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, states that teen drinking is at epidemic levels and that adults often compound the problem.
Benveniste further suggests that besides having the syntactic function and morphological marks of a verb, to be originally had a definite lexical meaning, approximating "to exist, to have real substance," before it fell -- "at the end of a long historical development -- to the rank of the copula" (138).
For the most part, researchers have studied the operant in order to understand and control positive reinforcement that maintains substance use behavior.
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