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Another open-ended question asked the sixth graders: "How many different ways can you think of to resolve a conflict?
An additional open-ended question asked the sixth graders to consider how television violence differs from real-world violence.
The sixth graders' post-program responses also reflect some of the guiding principles of media literacy (Aufderheide, 1997).
As another means of assessment, we asked the sixth graders to view a television clip before and after the program, and "write down anything that is important or interesting to note.
In the pre-program written responses to the clip, most of the sixth graders noted the presence of violence and provided a description of the scenes.
The Sixth Amendment right to counsel, on the other hand, is crime specific.
In one respect, the rights to counsel under both the Fifth and Sixth Amendments are identical.
Unlike the waiver, the methods and burdens of proving an invocation of the right to counsel under the Fifth and Sixth Amendments vary greatly.
An invocation of the right to counsel under the Sixth Amendment neither has to be clear nor unequivocal.
Williams, [12] the Supreme Court held that any attempts on the part of the government to deliberately elicit information from accused [13] individuals regarding the crimes they have been charged with are considered critical stages in the prosecution and must be conducted in compliance with the Sixth Amendment.
14] For Sixth Amendment purposes, however, any attempts, other than passive listening, [15] to gain incriminating information from an accused regarding crimes charged, whether overt or covert, are deemed deliberate elicitation and will require a waiver or the presence of counsel.
It is important to note that lineups and the deliberate elicitation of incriminating information from an accused invoke Sixth Amendment protection only if they relate to the specific crimes levied against the accused.
Over the years, there has been considerable debate in the courts over the scope of the Sixth Amendment protections.