refer to as

refer to somebody/something as somebody/something

to call someone or something by a particular name Some people referred to them as freedom fighters, but to me they were terrorists. The area south of 9th Street is referred to as the South Slope. His real name is Charles, but his friends refer to him as “Chuck.”
See also: refer
References in classic literature ?
Each of us would then refer to a confused heap of papers at his side, which had been thrown into drawers, worn into holes in Pockets, half-burnt in lighting candles, stuck for weeks into the looking-glass, and otherwise damaged.