References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "God does not punish for no reason but collectively punishes.
Inflicting a penalty merely to deter -- rather than to punish for deeds done -- is the very definition of cruelty.
In a 5 - 4 decision authored by Justice Stephen Breyer, the Court held that it is unconstitutional for a jury to award punitive damages to punish for harm to individuals who are not before the Court - as it was invited to do so in the Williams trial - and that such an award would amount to a taking of property without due process.