3), he incorporates the figura serpentinata pose as a means to bridge different parts of the composition, to create fluidity among historical figures from different time periods who were collected together in the unified space of Philosophy.
Although my analysis is indebted to the important work of Summers, it differs in its acknowledgment of the contrappostal pose as a signifying structure with a variety of meanings that include and extend beyond the gracefulness of the form.
A prime ingredient of the cool pose as a compensatory form of masculinity is an exaggerated style of toughness: "Symbolic displays of toughness defend his identity and gain him respect; they can also promote camaraderie and solidarity among black males" (Majors and Billson 30).
What is interesting, though, about the cool pose as a mask of masculinity is that by its very definition - a mask of a mask - it becomes a location of exaggerated masculine signifiers.
Like Majors, who shows concern for the negative consequences of the cool pose as a lifestyle choice in an urban environment of unequal opportunity, bell hooks writes that she "continue[s] to think about the meaning of healing the split between mind and body in relationship to black identity, living in a culture where racist colonization has deemed black folks more body than mind.