Nurses' responsibilities include meeting the information requirements of women regarding protection from and early detection of cervical cancer, encouraging families with higher risk to undergo screening, performing Pap
smear testing, and collecting and evaluating the results of the performed screening.
The [chi square] and Fisher tests were used to correlate or examine the relationship between "knowledge about the Pap
smear" and potential confounders such as age, pregnancy, delivery, educational level, have ever done a Pap
smear, number of vaginal cytologies taken, frequency of Pap
smear done and what age they got the information about the usefulness of the Pap
Data Source: Responses from the 125,297 females in all 50 states and the District of Columbia who were queried about their Pap
test status by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
However, HPV testing also produced more false-positive results than did Pap
When answering the vignettes, two-thirds of all office-based physicians (73% of hospital-based) said they would order an annual Pap
retest for a woman aged 3060 years who is currently Pap
test normal, has a current negative HPV test result, and had two prior normal Pap
test results during the prior 5 years.
Many studies from various countries have investigated the knowledge level, attitudes and behaviors about pap
smear, and found that having low socio- economic status, and racial and ethnic minorities, having fatalistic and wrong thinking about cervical cancer were the reasons for lower prevalence in women having pap
smear test, and lower knowledge level about pap
We believe we should have legislative power of some kind in areas such as health, the environment, the circulation of goods and suchlike," the PAP
HPV testing identified more women with a high 5-year risk of cervical cancer or precancer than Pap
The DNA test by itself is more effective than the Pap
Four in 10 women had a history of abnormal Pap
test findings; in the past year, 18% had had an STD, and 7% had been pregnant.
They also noted whether they ever had a pelvic exam and whether it included a Pap
A 59-year old physician friend of ours told us that her gynecologist sends her cards every year urging her to come in for an annual Pap
Is there a time when one need not continue getting Pap
For more than 50 years, doctors have used Papanicolaou tests--better known as Pap
smears--to screen women for cervical cancer.
The new ThinPrep Pap
test increases the specificity of the Pap
smear test by examining more cells from the cervix, so the data are more accurate.