A good feedback system is the best inoculation against unrealistic and inflated optimism
Pessimists have the power to acquire the skill of optimism
by managing their self talk (how they talk to themselves) to mirror the way optimists do.
They also completed surveys that assessed their mental health, levels of optimism
and physical health.
While it remains to be seen whether optimism
will hold or translate into spending, consumers say that they have tangible signs that they are getting more value for their dollar.
is holding steady, but lower earnings and capital spending growth expectations suggest U.
Darrell Sansom, managing director at AXA Business Insurance said: "It's good to see that, overall, optimism
remains high; but we can't ignore the drop in growth expectations.
bias can cloud what should be an objective evaluation toward an unreasonably optimistic assessment of the risk.
Our study provides compelling evidence that optimism
is a universal phenomenon, that optimism
is associated with improved perceptions of physical health and improved subjective well-being worldwide," said Matthew Gallagher.
8220;Though previously considered to be a relatively stable factor, emerging research suggests that optimism
may be manipulated,” Bonfiglio said.
The investigation of these potential mediation effects may be of interest in both cases whether optimism
is considered a trait or a state.
rose significantly when respondents were questioned about their own organisation--56 per cent expressed optimism
, while 66 per cent expect their business to expand and 42 per cent said their organisation plans to increase the number of employees.
The weak dollar boosted oil and other dollar-denominated commodities as the euro rallied on optimism
is the expectation that more good things, rather than bad, will happen.
A comparison of January 2011 with January 2010 reveals that upper-income Americans (+7) and those aged 65 years and older (+5) have increased their optimism
This finding shows the effects group optimism
has on individual group member optimism