But virtue is not taught, and therefore in this higher and ideal sense there is no virtue and no knowledge.
There is no knowledge in the higher sense of systematic, connected, reasoned knowledge, such as may one day be attained, and such as Plato himself seems to see in some far off vision of a single science.
Even if there be no true knowledge, as is proved by 'the wretched state of education,' there may be right opinion, which is a sort of guessing or divination resting on no knowledge of causes, and incommunicable to others.
But he is far from saying, as some have imagined, that inspiration or divine grace is to be regarded as higher than knowledge.
The philosopher only has knowledge, and yet the statesman and the poet are inspired.
Knowledge is prior to any particular knowledge, and exists not in the previous state of the individual, but of the race.
The germs of two valuable principles of education may also be gathered from the 'words of priests and priestesses:' (1) that true knowledge is a knowledge of causes (compare Aristotle's theory of episteme); and (2) that the process of learning consists not in what is brought to the learner, but in what is drawn out of him.
Now this conversation in our historian must be universal, that is, with all ranks and degrees of men; for the knowledge
of what is called high life will not instruct him in low; nor,
It is held that knowledge of the outer world is constituted by the relation to the object, while the fact that knowledge is different from what it knows is due to the fact that knowledge comes by way of contents.
Accordingly they maintain that in knowledge we are in direct contact with objects, which may be, and usually are, outside our own minds.
The relation itself is a part of pure experience; one of its 'terms' becomes the subject or bearer of the knowledge, the knower, the other becomes the object known"(p.
They deny altogether that there is a separate source of knowledge called "introspection," by which we can know things about ourselves which we could never observe in others.
He vaguely felt, too, that what he called his new convictions were not merely lack of knowledge
, but that they were part of a whole order of ideas, in which no knowledge
of what he needed was possible.
The knowledge relating to them must evidently be of a kind that will either be suggested by the nature of the article itself, or can easily be procured from any well-informed man, especially of the mercantile class.
In either case, the EXECUTION of the business, which alone requires the knowledge of local details, must be devolved upon discreet persons in the character of commissioners or assessors, elected by the people or appointed by the government for the purpose.