Understand the basic pathophysiology of the common headache
Keywords: Primary headache
, Migraine, Tension-type headache
, Depressive disorder.
Any history of pre-existing headache
, if change in pattern and quality of headache
, current headache
whether present or absent, if present, how long was the duration of the headache
, Frequency--continuous, daily, >15/month, thrice weekly, twice weekly, once weekly, less than weekly), location (which side and whether frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital, hemispheric frontoparietal, to start with and during progression whether it becomes bilateral, generalised during the episode or does it remain strictly unilateral), intensity [on a nominal analogue scale (NAS) from 1 to 10 with 1 for little and 10 for worst pain], quality of pain (dull, stinging, pulsating, tightening or band like, other), duration of the event (<1 hr.
In the latest beta version of international headache
classification hypnic headache
(HH) syndrome, 'alarm clock headache
' is regarded as a rare primary headache
If your headache
comes with a stiff neck and muscle pain, as well as fever, vomiting, rashes and light sensitivity, you may be suffering from meningitis - a viral or bacterial infection of the meninges, or membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
are often related to high stress levels; when you are stressed, if the muscles in your neck, upper back, and shoulders tense up, a headache
Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study included referred patients with complaint of headache
of one month duration or more without focal neurological signs.
The presence of headache
was evaluated according to the revised criteria of the International Classification of Headache
Disorders, 2nd edition (ICDH-II).
The bidirectional influences and strong interactions between headache
and depression and anxiety have been well-documented, but mainly in migraine and tension-type headache
Low cerebrospinal fluid pressure headache
is caused by an internal spinal fluid leak.
The following types of headache
should be taken seriously:
In regard to sinus headache
, the International Headache
Society (IHS) classification states that chronic sinusitis is not a cause of headache
and facial pain unless it relapses into an acute sinusitis (Expert Rev.
Objectives: The aims of this study were: (i) to estimate the prevalence of headache
disorders in patients attending the eye OPD; (ii) to evaluate the various causes of headache
with special reference to ophthalmic conditions; and (iii) to study the correlation between location of headache
and possible ocular causes.
More likely, they represent migraine headache
or, less likely, tension headache
or cluster headache
It's an added piece of information suggesting that we need a comprehensive approach in how we treat our headache
patients," he said at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology.