Male and female deferrers are very similar in their outcomes two years out from school.
But respondents who made the transition to university in 2008 were much more likely to come from the two higher quartiles of socio-economic status, suggesting that the financial implications of university study continue to have an impact on the pathways of regional deferrers two years out of school.
2006) has noted a similar relationship between socio-economic status and outcomes to that described in the current research--a relationship that suggests that deferrers with a background of high socio-economic status are more likely than their peers with lower socio-economic status to take up their university offer one year after deferring.
Although it might be argued that over four in five of the original group of deferrers have taken up a place in tertiary education and have thus overcome these challenges, cost-related barriers remain significant among the reasons given by those who are still not in education or training.
Previous research suggests that this is due to a combination of factors relating to isolation and financial hardship (DETA, 2007; Polesel & Teese 2006;Teese, Clarke & Polesel, 2007) and this study confirms that, compared with the broader population of school completers who defer, many rural deferrers come from lower socio-economic backgrounds.
Past research suggests that non-metropolitan deferrers may in fact be more likely to take up their deferred place one year on than their metropolitan peers (Teese, Clarke & Polesel, 2006), though it should be remembered that non-metropolitan students are far more likely to defer in the first place.
This research also suggests that some broad groups of deferrers in country Australia are less likely to take up a university place than others.