1])> is also a defeater
for the first argument <[[?
I have been arguing that awareness of peer disagreement is a defeater
for a moral belief and that to overcome this defeater
requires at least a further belief that serves as a reason for the moral belief in question.
In order to build an argument with no defeaters
that supports t, [a.
9) So, on the hypothesis that Ethical Non-Naturalism is true, there is a defeater
for our ethical intuitions.
The basic idea is that new defeaters
are added to a given atomic dialectical tree, building a a sequence of dialectical formulas [[T.
The root of the tree will correspond to the argument A and every inner node will represent a defeater
(proper or blocking) of its father.
This reconstruction is found in Part II of the book, where Echenique tackles the defeaters
of ethical ascription.
Defense methods for suspected laser listening devices include detectors and electronic defeaters
that foil the listening device.
In defeasible logic, there are three distinct types of rules: strict rules, defeasible rules and defeaters
Specific topics include truth and weak knowledge in Goldman's veritistic social epistemology, reliabilism and the problem of defeaters
, why the conditional probability solution to the swamping problem fails, the voter's epistemic trust in democracy, and a criticism of his simulation theory and an outline of the person model theory.
Perhaps the most significant feature of religious reason, and perhaps the feature from which all the other differences between religious reason and secular reason derive, is the oft-touted claim by believers that religious reasons carry an infallible supreme authority that guarantees the truth of such claims against all potential epistemic defeaters
He surveys alternative accounts of warrant and justification, potential defeaters
from critical historians, religious pluralists, and proponents of the logical and evidential problems of evil, to show his approach undefeated by objections.
In this discussion, I will idealize away from epistemic accuracy in tending to speak of knowledge, bracketing admittedly important questions about the relevant justifiers and defeaters
This reality leads Abraham in chapter nine to a more formal discussion of the possibility of epistemic defeaters
and objections to his proposal.
The warrant procedure involves looking for counterarguments that could be defeaters