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where [epsilon](t) is the creep strain; [sigma] is the stress; t is the time period; [E.
Within the context of testing and certification of adhesives for structural timber bonding according to European Committee for Standardization (CEN) rules, three test methods and their respective requirements address the creep and creep rupture behavior of the adhesives.
In designing components that will be subjected to long-term loading, designers should use creep modulus values instead of the normal short-term modulus in mechanical design equations and finite element analysis.
Pre-travel: Amount of trigger movement (takeup and creep combined) the trigger moves from at-rest until the sear breaks.
The magnitude of creep strains, to a significant degree, depends on the composition of plain concrete or steel fibre reinforced concrete, i.
Creep is characterised by a progressive deformation of the material that can be observed and measured and that leads in time to cracking and mechanical failure.
Also recent studies show that polymers reinforced with CNT particles demonstrate enhanced creep resistance characteristics [22-25].
Ideally creep data should be taken at least four different loads (stresses).
Housing wear due to creep amplifies T/M vibration, resulting in improper rotation and creating wear debris which adversely affects the functionality of parts within the T/M, thereby reducing automobile reliability and comfort.
The creep factor also exists when consumers don't have control.
A curve that shows little change with increasing temperature will provide good creep resistance, while a material that is about to exhibit a significant loss in stiffness with increasing temperature will display a corresponding significant change in creep modulus as a function of time under load.
It is an anti-cage creep mechanism that uses a roller with round balls studded around its surface.
In this study, the creep of hardening cement paste mixed with an expansive additive was modeled to estimate the constrained stress of expansive mortar and calculate changes in this stress.
Currently, the common method for studying the character of rockfill creep references laboratory creep tests [5-8].
The creep and inverse creep behaviour of sewing thread before and after sewing process is studied with constant load in a developed instrument, where the sewing thread are subjected to dynamic tension and function in the sewing process.