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constitutional

n. the first drink or dose of drugs of the day. (see also breakfast of champions.) He downed a constitutional and made ready to set out for the office.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consequently it is obvious that the political affiliations of the heads of public authorities do matter and the more contrasting they are, the more will increase the number of conflict they engage and hence, the role of the Constitutional Court in safe guarding the principle of checks and balances shall also increase.
An example in point is also specific to the post-2008 political landscape, with the Parliament taking a divided stance in these juridical conflicts--if the Social Democrat President of the Senate would notify the Court on constitutional conflicts with the Government or with the President, the Liberal-Democrat President of the Chamber of Deputies would claim that there is no such conflict, thus siding with the executive branch of the same political affiliation, rather than with its own legislative complement.
From this perspective, the role of the Romanian Constitutional Court in safe guarding the principle of checks and balances seems evident.
Moreover, another important role of the Romanian Constitutional Court in safeguarding the principle of checks and balances refers to the clarifications it makes on various constitutional provisions, in the rulings it gives.
Hence, the Constitutional Court re-enforces the constitutional provisions by the clarifications and interpretation it makes, and at the same time, given the mandatory, erga omnes effect of its decisions, the principle of checks and balances is enforced in such a manner that ensures the already settled conflicts will not be re-disputed by different holders of functions of public authority.
On the whole, as I have shown throughout this paper, the Romanian Constitutional Court has been actively involved in safeguarding not just the supremacy of the Constitution as a negative legislator, but also the principle of checks and balances, ever since it was endowed with such a function in 2003 (62) as an authentic arbiter of constitutional democracy.
1) Cristian, IONESCU, Drept constitutional si institutii politice, vol I, Teoria generala a institutiilor politice, ed.
6) Constanta, CALINOIU, Victor, DUCULESCU, Drept Constitutional si institutii politice, ed.
12) According to the Romanian Constitutional Court's Decision No.
22) According to it, the Romanian Constitutional Court is entitled "to solve legal disputes of a constitutional nature between public authorities, at the request of the President of Romania, one of the Presidents of the two chambers, the Prime Minister or the President of the Superior Council of Magistracy
29) "The State shall be organized on the principle of the separation and balance of powers--legislative, executive and judicial--within the framework of constitutional democracy".
30) "Pluralism in the Romanian society is a condition and guarantee of constitutional democracy".
54) "The Decisions of the Constitutional Court shall be published in the Official Gazette of Romania.
Secondly, after admitting the existence of a juridical conflict of a constitutional nature between the President and the judicial power, as represented by the High Court of Cassation and Justice regarding the disregard of the latter to enforce the Decision No.
2009, regarding the constitutional conflict between the judicial authority, as represented by the High Court of Cassation and Justice and the Parliament and Government on the other hand, the Court decided that the former "does not have the constitutional competency to establish, modify or repeal the juridical norms with legal power and neither to do the judicial review of the legislation" (57).