The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.
And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records, and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.
In the 234-member legislative assembly, the state ruling Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and its ally, the Congress
party, were decimated, winning only 35 seats while the J.
Mani (Kerala Congress
M) defeated Suresh Kurup (CPM) Alappuzha: K.
In election reform, the LWVUS successfully opposed an attempt by Congress
to manipulate the voting process by discriminating against legal voters and discouraging voter participation.
As noted above, the 110th Congress
will hold hearings on Sarbanes-Oxley, and several bills have been introduced to make section 404 of the act less costly.
He is the first Muslim elected to Congress
, and his plan to swear the oath on a Koran drove some Religious Right groups into a state of hysteria.
As the bipartisan Continuity of Government Commission (COGC) put it in a 2003 report: "If anyone doubts the importance of Congress
in times of crisis, it is helpful to recall that in the days after September 11th, Congress
authorized the use of force in Afghanistan; appropriated funds for reconstruction of New York and for military preparations; and passed major legislation granting additional investigative powers and improving transportation security.
5528, denominated the Pornography Jurisdiction Act, which provides, in part, "No court created by Act of Congress
shall have jurisdiction, and the Supreme Court shall have no appellate jurisdiction, to hear or decide a question of whether a State pornography law imposes a constitutionally invalid restriction on the freedom of expression.
Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act is the most significant measure remaining, and chances appear to be 5050 at best that it will happen before the 109th Congress
fades into history this fall, says Terry Hartle, senior vice president for Government and Public Affairs at the American Council on Education (ACE).