index matrix for whole groups was constructed in order to understand the compensatory
like growth of each combination dyad.
A hypothetical compensatory
exchange poses no problem for welfarism, however, as long as there is a reliable method for monetizing the costs and benefits of the proposed change.
Do some species of plants demonstrate more compensatory
growth than others?
In England and Wales, punitive, or exemplary, damages are available only for oppressive, arbitrary, or unconstitutional action by government servants; injuries designed by the defendant to yield a larger profit than the likely cost of compensatory
damages, and conduct for which punitive damages are expressly authorized by statute.
It is when individuals use consumption as a means of satisfying their social-psychological needs, whether they do so consciously or subconsciously, that compensatory
consumption behavior occurs.
Can a compensatory
award be reduced by the Employment Tribunal?
Municipal conservation commissions usually cooperate with developers in the process of identifying and selecting property to conserve land where compensatory
wetland mitigation will be performed off-site.
In addition, based on a review of the legislation that implemented Congress' taxing power provided in the 16th Amendment, particularly the original exclusion for personal injury damages, the court found that the framers of the 16th Amendment would not have construed compensatory
damages for nonphysical injuries to be income.
No legislative standard on compensatory
In Alves, stock received by the taxpayer was held to be compensatory
, because (1) the taxpayer was employed by the company and (2) some of the stock issued had employment-related restrictions on exercise or transfer.
Finally, teachers want training in the areas of developing curriculum to meet students' compensatory
, life skills, basic skills and area curriculum but there was not a statistical significance as to which training they prefer.
To help achieve the goal of no net loss, the Corps can require compensatory
mitigation, such as restoring a former wetland, as a condition of a permit when the loss of wetlands is unavoidable.
As important, there are a host of court decisions that provide guidance to distinguish between nondeductible fines and penalties and deductible amounts, such as restitution or other compensatory
First, owners must understand the difference between consequential damages and compensatory
A jury verdict awarded the former prisoner $1,500 in compensatory
damages but no punitive damages.