Through such citizenly activity, Tocqueville believed, Americans expressed and sustained their civil freedom, accomplished an enormouse range of tasks, and, most important, developed fully as rooted, connected human beings.
Second, we must seek to restore the intellectual and cultural legitimacy of citizenly common sense as a way of understanding and solving problems.
Thus, communitarians and other participants in the republican revival tend to identify as civic virtues those qualities that would make private individuals more citizenly, involving them more actively in a democratic polity.
Individuals, he argues, can be brought to act in appropriate, citizenly ways only through the "harnessing of powerful motives": "First, struggle and debate over the public interest must be connected to the day-to-day vital interests of the citizen.
Thus, our self-interest leads us to virtuous, citizenly behavior.
But, he added, the sheer volume of scrap used (iron foundries in the first two months of this year processed over two million tons of scrap) combined with an environmentally aware citizenly
and several instances of radioactive metals accidentally used in production operations have focused attention on the problem.
Challenges the moralism of much of the analysis of ethical consumption, which sees it as a retreat from proper citizenly
politics and an expression of individualised consumerism
In what ways do smart-city proposals for urban development articulate and enact distinctly environmental modes of governance, and what are the spatial, material, and citizenly
contours of these modes of governance?
In part one, 'The British State of Home-Economics', we examine this austerity aesthetic as it came to the fore during the 'Great British Summer' of 2012, tracking the tensions evident in spectacles of citizenly
consumption and competition-orientated inclusion that characterised the Queen's Diamond Jubilee, the London's Olympic Games and surrounding televisual events.
Citizenly 'subject positions' are temporary respites in ongoing confrontations over the meaning of citizenship and the virtues each subject position mobilises are provisional.
In the private sphere, parental obligations should be acknowledged as ethically grounded civic obligations and attempts to encourage 'responsible personal lifestyle decisions' have citizenly characteristics.
Three steps are needed to achieve this: a keener awareness of political subjectivities so that citizenly subject positions can be established that avoid the pitfalls of liberalism; conceptual clarification of 'obligation'; and an endorsement of virtue ethics to bridge the gaps between attitudes and behaviour and between law and justice.
That call is distinctly a citizenly
call, and never more so than when, as Father Mapple's wonderful sermon in Moby-Dick has it, the citizen stands firm "against the proud gods and commodores of this earth" and calls every violation of the covenant to account "though he pluck it out from under the robes of Senators and Judges.
What is needed is a word to convey citizenly
pride when one's country behaves virtuously.