With regard to calculative
commitment and its influence on attitudinal loyalty, previous studies report mixed results (see Table 1).
For SCA and CEA, the reaction to external pressures was to develop a more sophisticated calculative
tool, an ABC system that would provide more refined information about costs.
In Penley and Gould's Model , Moral Commitment is in line with Allen and Meyer's Normative Commitment, and Calculative
Commitment is related to Allen and Meyer's Continuance Commitment in which employees have to pay a cost for leaving the organization, and it is a type of investment, while their Alienative commitment does not have any counterpart in others' models.
Thus, our capacity for economic innovation--not merely in the sense of being able to creatively invent new products but also the to introduce new economic logics--is very much dependent on the fact that, as persons we are thrown into societies where institutions such as marriage and the values associated with conjugal unions are still intact because then and only then can innovative economic logics of gifting emerge, and then and only then can the oppositional, selfish logic of the calculative
, consequentialist homoeconomicus that seeks to maximize one's own welfare find an alternative, or at least, find self-restraint.
Investors who are taking calculative
high risk are rewarded high, while others who have taken non calculative
risk are less rewarded.
Compressed and minute signatures: Calculative
and self-centred nature
However, it was about halfway through the first episode of Alcatraz - the new high-concept, paranormal US drama about that other infamous prison - that I found myself longing for the metric system back, because its really small calculative
calibrations are the only means of properly gauging the infinitesimal likelihood of me tuning back in for episode two on the Watch satellite channel.
Unlike most modem political thinkers, who detached calculative
reason from the supposedly less attractive elements of being human, these ancient philosophers understood human beings as integrated psyches, composed of appetites (food, drink, sex), passions (fear, honour, love) and reason.
hegemonic, rational and calculative
masculinity when aligned to
The challenge that gratitude poses to the calculative
model leaves that model's proponents with little choice but to try to undermine the genuineness of gratitude.
thinking, things are converted into commodities; nature is treated only as a resource; thinking is only rewarded, and therefore only quantifiable as "thinking," to the extent that it is instrumental on the "standing by" modality of nature.
The novel's rejection of a "total" either traditional law or modern law scenario is also perhaps in keeping with yet another level of negotiation implied in discussing the theme of property rights in the artistic medium whose protocols of representing that debate rest on the use of unstable signifiers of images, metaphors as opposed to the use of the genre of cold, calculative
discourse of courtroom law.
In Taiwan, lumber importers often appear to be rational and calculative
Instrumental commitment, also called calculative
, is a "calculative
" act, where the committed partner stakes something of value to it, which Becker (1960) calls a "side bet on consistent future behavior.
This marketisation of social relations has led to a diffusion of calculative
logics throughout the social fabric, encouraging individuals to view market rationality as a model for a personal and ethical style of conduct.