all of the above


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all of the above

everything mentioned Struggles for control of a company may involve financial drama, personal loyalties, physical confrontation - or all of the above
Usage notes: often used in tests in which different possible answers are given, one of which is all of the above (all of the answers provided are correct): The city's major commuter routes are backed up because of (a) construction, (b) fog, (c) heavy traffic, (d) breakdowns, or (e) all of the above.
See also: above, all, of

all of the above

Also, none of the above. Each one (not any) of the above-named alternatives. For example, Have you decided to quit and announced your decision, or do you want to find another job first?-None of the above . These phrases originated as answers to a multiple-choice question on a test but are now also used colloquially, often as a form of avoiding a direct answer. They use above in the sense of "preceding," a usage dating from the second half of the 1700s.
See also: above, all, of