Yuill points out how Nixon was able to shape the future of affirmative action
by changing (through expansion) the black-white racial paradigm that framed civil rights politics.
Abigail Thernstrom, a senior scholar at the Manhattan Institute, says Obama's election increases the likelihood that race-conscious affirmative action
and racialist practices, such as ethnic group graduation ceremonies and ethnic-themed dormitories, will be eliminated.
Anderson's book is useful if you need a blow-by-blow account of congressional legislation, presidential directives, or Supreme Court decisions about affirmative action
during the last 60 years.
Another book that all Americans should read is one of the most depressing books I have ever read: When Affirmative Action
Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America by Ira Katznelson (W.
The Defendants appealed to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals and in May 2002, the Sixth Circuit ruled for the Defendants concluding that the affirmative action
program was not prohibited by the Equal Protection Clause and Title VI (Grutter v.
A second study looked at how responses to affirmative action
differed when outcomes were framed in terms of how they affected whites versus blacks.
Of course, I would prefer that Log Cabin support affirmative action
, but we can work together anyway.
But the purpose of affirmative action
is to remove fetters on equality of opportunity by attacking existing patterns of inequality that originate from current discrimination and the cumulative results of past exclusion and discrimination.
Associate Justice Clarence Thomas was among the four dissenters opposing affirmative action
With the Supreme Court's decision to hear the two University of Michigan affirmative action
cases (Grutter v.
Faced with recent anti-affirmative action
rulings (and the ensuing loss of aid should the schools defy those rulings), the states have dropped formal affirmative action
programs, but have instituted such measures as more focused recruiting from heavily minority-populated schools; earlier involvement with and development of minority students at the high school (and even middle school) level; and guaranteed enrollment to top performers in high school graduating classes (depending upon the state, the top 4 to 20 percent of high school graduating classes are guaranteed enrollment).
Wilson gives almost equal weight to a second avowedly political argument, namely how such a coalition could explicitly champion "race-based affirmative action
programs" without such goals "becoming racially divisive.
No one should desert affirmative action
because it sometimes serves as a vehicle for a privileged few.
Congress emphasized the impermissibility of considering these factors, other than in accordance with an affirmative action
plan or as a BFOQ, in its 1991 amendment to Title VII.
The number of African-American and Latino students admitted to the University of California rebounded in the second year without affirmative action
, an increase credited to strong recruitment and a more comprehensive application review.