Occam's razor


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Occam's razor

A maxim that the simplest theory should be applied to a situation or experiment first. This concept is named for its ardent defender, 14th-century philosopher William of Occam. I think our initial hypothesis is too complex. Occam's razor would suggest we consider the simplest possible explanation.
See also: razor

Occam's razor

the principle that in explaining something no more assumptions should be made than are necessary.
This principle takes its name from the English philosopher and Franciscan friar William of Occam ( c .1285–1349 ): the image is that of the razor cutting away all extraneous assumptions.
See also: razor
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case Occam's razor would mean that suppressing STDs like HSV-2 infection with an antiviral would lower the risk of HIV transmission.
Not only do such explanations make more sense and fit Occam's Razor, they can help us to find and fix the true causes and improve our lives and relationships.
Gregory Barton has no qualms in opting for Occam's razor, concluding that 'Environmentalism, in the sense of practical action, began in 1855 in India, with the Forest Charter [of Lord Dalhousie].
Forrest argues that there are three "razors" at play in modal metaphysics: "Hume's razor," which enjoins us not to "multiply necessities without good reason"; a "special Occam's razor," which tells us not to multiply actual entities beyond necessity (that is, not to postulate more than we have good reason for), and a "general Occam's razor," which tells us to not multiply entities beyond necessity, whether the entities are actual or merely possible.
The curriculum teaches a variety of concepts and approaches to problem solving including brainstorming, Pareto charts and histograms, force field analysis, fishbone diagram, six-word diagram, Occam's Razor, the Delphi approach, swapping technique, designing check sheets, and more.
It is unclear why Greenwood, who admits that this is "a perfectly plausible scenario," should forsake Occam's razor and insist on what he himself describes as an interpretation resting on "elaborately intricate, and apparently conflicting, manoeuvres" (68).
In Part II, following the Framers' cynical lead, I build on the ancient medieval principle known as Occam's razor to formulate a new logical principle with which to analyze competing theories of government.
Occam's Razor refers to the philosophical principle of economy by which William of Ockham rejected what he saw as unnecessary assumptions or unwarranted influences in argumentation.
I paraphrased that same sentiment in last April's CEO Journal ("The Answer is Occam's Razor," p.
Yet despite the cleverness and erudition behind Meritt's reading, sometimes Occam's razor and the lectio facilior are fight.
But Occam's razor does not hold when the premise (of consistent theories) is violated.
strategies of the early 1950's, but that this emphasis on predictions in subsequent work may have also led to a misapplication of Occam's Razor in Labor economics.
The principle of Occam's razor is attractive and usefulbecause it can dispose of unnecessary assumptions.
Occam's razor refers to his famous principle of economy in logic, expressed as " Entities [that is, assumptions used to explain phenomena
In keeping with the principle of Occam's Razor, they have created a simplified HIS solution for rural, critical-access, and community hospitals.